TVET program introduction
HornDA aims to improve quality human capital and management of TVET in Puntland by creating a TVET program that is effective, efficient, relevant, flexible, modular, accessible, affordable, accountable, sustainable, and which fulfils its general towards society
TVET Program challenges in Puntland
- There are gender disparities in some courses. For example, there are very few men trainees pursuing beauty and cookery and few female trainees pursuing engineering courses.
- Perception that TVET is for low achievers, discouraging students who excel in primary and secondary schools not pursue TVET courses.
- There are no clear criteria for admission into TVET programmes, compromising the quality of TVET offered.
- The progression pathway does not allow for horizontal and vertical entry into and exit from the TVET system.
- Weak marketing strategies for promotion of TVET programmes leading to low rating of TVET courses
- Dependence on traditional approaches to instruction targeting inaccessible groups where ODL approaches would suffice
- Students in secondary schools have no option of choosing between general and technical education, as there are no technical secondary schools in the country.
- Secondary school graduates are ill equipped to transit to employment or self-employment in the industry and commerce, as the existing curriculum lacks occupational skills, life skills, soft skills, entrepreneurship, career guidance and child safeguarding.
- Inadequate and obsolete training resources at the TVET centers.
- The VQF does include occupational standards and basic competencies.
- Current TVET curriculum is not standardized and harmonized, and therefore the graduates are not able to meet market demands.
- The ministry has a weak resource base, hindering its efforts to set up structures for the TVET system.
TVET Program achievements
- HornDA established CagaaranTVET center in Mudug region and almost 150 beneficiaries are benefiting from this program and taking skills related to electricity, tailoring, beauty salon and
- HornDAContributed TVET strategy for TVET high level skills in Puntland
- HornDAConducted linkages efforts between TVET graduates and business enterprises
- HornDA Conducted awareness on secondary graduates’ awareness.