Conserving wildlife, we’re ensuring that future generations can enjoy our natural world and the incredible species that live within it. To help protect wildlife, it’s important to understand how species interact within their ecosystems, and how they’re affected by environmental and human influences.
The interaction between human being and nature was took place before million years ago when human being was created. Their relationships have been enlarged and more intense during the hunt and gathering, In the recent past, before the expansion of wildlife promotion and education, some people also defined “wildlife” is only large mammals; such as elephants, lions, cheetah, hyena, leopard, buffalo and other related species. However, wildlife refers to the variety of all living organisms inhabiting in the wild, at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels on earth.
Deforestation resulting land degradation is the global threats for several wild animals with its natural habitat and affects the wild animal’s life style in their preferred habitats. The forest cover of Ethiopia has been approximately 40 % of its land a century ago but now has declined to only 3% The human population around most protected areas over the years has been changing in terms of its size, density and livelihood strategies Uncontrolled logging, illegal charcoal production and fuel wood collection are some of the major causes of deforestation that directly influence large mammal’s habitat, where tourism is dependent). Moreover, such activities impose to decline the scenic beauty of the protected area which also affects tourism and wilderness.
Achievements of wild animals’ conservation
- HornDA with support of local communities and authorities, conducted awareness on protection of environment and protection wild animals from hunting and trading
- HornDA trained the local authorities, women leaders and traditional elders and youth on ways of reporting of ant-wild animals’ activities.
- Reservation of specific sites for wild animals to live and receiving grazing and assign respective officials to monitor and advice the district mayors of any urgent intervensions